Wednesday, 24 July 2013

Annotated bibliography

Kamira, R. (2003). Te Mata o te Tai - the edge of the tide: rising capacity in information technology of Maori in Aotearoa-New Zealand.. The Electronic Library, 21, 465-475.

Description: This paper argues that it is possible to extract lessons in the information technology era from our colonial past. One key understanding developed is how information technologies can impact on the definition of knowledge in Aotearoa/ New Zealand. The paper reviews the predictions and impacts of early information technology on Maori and provide a chronological summary of IT developments and events in a global context and within a Maori context before establishing whether IT can have positive long term effects on the socio-economic status of indigenous people.

Evaluation: This paper provides a useful overview of the historical introduction of technologies and their impact. The writer draws heavily on the historical introduction of technologies and their use as tools of colonisation. Although the author cites numerous examples to support this, there is a developing perspective that counters this. Writers like Haami (2007) view these manuscripts as a mechanism to  safeguard and share indigenous knowledge. The paper gives a useful overview of Maori history in Aotearoa, and identifies policies that have further alienated Maori from traditional knowledge, but does not substantiate a case for the negative or positive socio-economic impacts on Maori through the introduction of IT.

Rogers, E.M. (2003). Attributes of innovations and their rates of adoption. In Diffusion of Innovations(pp.204-251). New York: Free Press.

Description: This chapter outlines in detail the innovation-diffusion process and proposes the five attributes of innovation and how these attributes (relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability and observability) reduces the uncertainty about the innovation. The attributes are  described in depth and numerous examples of innovations are provided.

Evaluation: This chapter has been helpful in shaping my research topic has enabled me to look more closely at the change dimension of my topic and gives me a lens through which to examine successful adoption of my proposed innovation. Rogers argues that innovations that offer more relative advantage, compatibility, simplicity, trialability and observability will lead to more rapid adoption. In terms of the notion of guardianship through the adoption of Creative Commons this is particularly pertinent. Any framework developed for implementation would need to make strong links between the advantage that Creative Commons can offer and existing school practices around IP and copyright.

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